PCB Fabrication

High-frequency PCB design and wiring principles

by:A-TECH      2021-03-16
In the PCB layout stage, proper selection of a certain amount of printed circuit board size can make full use of the intermediate layer to set up the shield, better achieve near grounding, effectively reduce parasitic inductance, shorten the transmission length and reduce signal crosstalk. All these methods have Conducive to the reliability of high-frequency circuits. The higher the number of PCB half-layers, the more complicated the manufacturing process and the higher the unit cost. This requires us to select the appropriate number of PCB boards for the PCB layout. Correct component layout planning and correct wiring rules to complete the design. We should also know the layout design principles of these high-speed circuit PCBs: to minimize logic fan-out, it is best to carry only one load. Avoid using through holes as much as possible between the output and the receiving end of the high-speed signal line, and avoid the cross of the pin pattern. Especially the clock signal line needs special attention. The signal lines of two adjacent layers should be perpendicular to each other to avoid turning at right angles. The parallel termination load resistor should be as close as possible to the receiving end. Another key area of u200bu200bhigh-frequency design is the routing of differential pairs, which operate by driving two signal traces in a complementary manner. The differential pair provides excellent noise immunity and a higher S/N ratio. In high-speed PCB design, the control of the characteristic impedance of the circuit board and the design of the topology under multiple loads directly determine the success or failure of the product. The figure shows a daisy chain topology, which is generally beneficial when used in a few Mhz. It is recommended to use a star-shaped symmetrical structure on the back end in high-speed PCB design. The design of high-frequency circuit PCB is a complicated process, and there are many factors involved, which may be directly related to the working performance of the high-frequency circuit. Therefore, designers need to continuously research and explore in actual work, accumulate experience, and combine with new EDA technology to design high-frequency circuit PCBs with excellent performance. PCB has always insisted on using superb technical force, sophisticated production equipment, perfect testing methods, product quality higher than industry standards, and warm and thoughtful service, which has won praise and welcome from global merchants and users.
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